Lab and Coral NameICL / rainbow
ModelLAM 9600
SpecialistEric Lim    (Robert Bicchieri)
Physical Location2F 1-Hallway Etch
Process CategoryEtch
Material KeywordsGaN, CMOS Metals
Sample Size6" Wafers, Pieces Require Puck
Keywordsmulti wafer, load lock, top side of sample, anisotropic etch, vacuum, plasma, requires flat
The rainbow is a reactive ion etcher with RF generated, inductively coupled plasma and integrated post-etch rinsing station. It is a single chamber system designed for chloring-chemistry etching of CMOS metals, metal-oxides and metal-nitrides (Al, Ti, TiN, WN, HfO2, TiO2, Al2O3) and silicon. This tool is dedicated to etching metals, but can also etch dielectrics as necessary. The built-in rinse removes residues from Cl2 and BCl3, but PR should be ashed off the wafers soon after etching, to avoid roughening from chlorine residues trapped in the resist. The etch chamber is equipped with an endpoint detection system that can terminate the process when the metal film has been etched.

Best forCMOS compatible metal dry etching
LimitationsBackside cooling puts lower limit on wafer thickness (about 400um)
Characteristics/FOMSF6, Cl2, BCl3, CHCl3, N2. Aluminum etch rates is around 1um/min.
Caution withEvery now and then the tool's clock rolls over, contact staff to reset the system.
Machine Charges (academic rate)7pu/wafer + 1pu/um

Metal etcherSOP for the LAM Rainbow metal etcher

Etch rates part 2Berkeley etch rate paper
Etch rates part 1Berkeley etch rate paper

External Links
Dry Etching for VLSIFundamentals of dry etching, good introduction text
Process Matrix Details

Been in the ALDSamples that have been in any of the ALD systems
Germanium on surfaceSamples with germanium on the surface (typically grown films)
Germanium buriedSamples with germanium buried below a different film
PiecesWafer pieces may not be handled by the equipment, and are harder to thoroughly clean - preventing them from running in certain tools.
Any exposure to CMOS metalIf the sample had ever seen a CMOS metal (or a tool that accepts CMOS metal), then some frontend tools could be contaminated by this.
CMOS metal on surfaceCMOS compatible metals exposed on the surface. These are Al,Ni,Pt,Ti,TiN. Other metals such as Au are *NOT* part of this.
CMOS metal buriedCMOS compatible metals covered entirely by a different material. These are Al,Ni,Pt,Ti,TiN. Other metals such as Au are *NOT* part of this.
Been in the STS DRIEThe DRIE etch leaves behind polymer residues on the sidewall ripples, which can be a contamination concern for some tools.
Been in the SEMA sample viewed in the SEM must have used the appropriate chuck to avoid cross-contamination
Been in the Concept1The Concep1 deposits dielectrics on GREEN wafers, however it also accepts metal and there can be cross-contamination for diffusion area
Has PhotoresistSamples with photoresist cannot be exposed to high temperatures, which is typical in deposition tools. Outgassing can be a concern.
Has PolyimidePolyimide is a very chemically resistant polymer, and can tolerate higher temperatures but cannot be exposed to typical PECVD deposition temperatures or diffusion furnaces. Outgassing can be a concern.
Coming from KOHAfter a KOH etch, the samples must receive a special clean because the K ions are highly contaminating to CMOS frontend tools
Coming from CMPAfter a CMP, the samples must receive a special clean, because the slurry residues otherwise introduce contamination and particles.

Not Allowed
Ever been in EMLSamples from EML are never permitted to return to ICL or TRL
Pyrex SubstratesPyrex substrates can be a concern due to high sodium content, which contaminates CMOS frontend tools
III-V SubstratesAny III-V substrates, e.g. GaAs, GaN, InP, and so on. Note though that many common III-V substrates will also carry the Au flag, but there are some GREEN III-V substrates.
Gold or RED color codeRED color code substrates. These are gold-contaminated or have been processed in gold contaminated tools. Gold and other metals can contaminate silicon devices (GREEN color code) and have to be separated.
Has Cured SU8Not fully cured SU8 residues can heavily contaminated plasma chambers or destroy other user's samples, but fully cured SU8 is permitted in certain tools.

For more details or help, please consult PTC matrix, email, or ask the research specialist (Eric Lim)